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        Material Safety Data Sheet                                                      
Product Identification: Alkaline Manganese Dioxide Cells-               
Duracell Designations: PC1300; PC1400; PC1500; PC1604; PC2400; PC9100,  
PC7K67; PC903 PC908                                                     
Product Use: Energy Source                                              
MSDS Date of Preparation: July 1, 2008                                  
Company Identification                                                  
US Office                         Canadian Office                      
Duracell, a  division of P&G      Duracell, a division of P&G          
Berkshire Industrial Park         4711 Yonge Street                    
14 Research Drive                 Toronto, Ontario                     
Bethel, CT USA 06401              Canada M2N6K8                        
(203) 796-4000                    (416) 730-4711                       
Emergency Phone Number: INFOTRAC Emergency Response Hotline             
1-800-535-5053 (US & Canada)                                            
SECTION 2: HAZARDS IDENTIFICATION                                       
Physical Appearance: Cylindrical battery                                
EMERGENCY OVERVIEW                                                      
CAUTION: May explode or leak, and cause burn injury, if recharged,      
disposed of in fire, mixed with a different battery type, inserted      
backwards or disassembled. Replace all used batteries at the same time. 
Do not carry batteries loose in your pocket or purse. Do not remove the 
battery label.                                                          
Potential Health Effects:                                               
The chemicals and metals in this product are contained in a sealed can. 
Exposure to the contents will not occur unless the battery leaks, is    
exposed to high temperatures or is mechanically, physically, or         
electrically abused. Damaged batter will release concentrated potassium 
hydroxide, which is caustic. Anticipated potential leakage of potassium 
hydroxide is 2 to 20 mL, depending on battery size. A similar amount of 
zinc may also leak.                                                     
Eye Contact: Contact with battery contents may cause severe irritation  
and burns. Eye damage is possible.                                      
Skin Contact: Contact with battery contents may cause severe irritation 
and burns.                                                              
Inhalation: Inhalation of vapors or fumes released due to heat or a     
large number of leaking batteries may cause respiratory and eye         
Ingestion: Swallowing ins not anticipated due to battery size. Chocking 
may occur if smaller AAA batteries are swallowed. Ingestion of battery  
contents (from a leaking battery) may cause mouth, throat and intestinal
burns and damage.                                                       
Chemical Name          CAS Number             Amount                    
Manganese Dioxide      1313-13-9              35-40%                    
Zinc                   7440-66-6              10-25%                    
Potassium Hydroxide    1310-58-3              5-10%                     
Graphite (natural or   7782-42-5, 7440-44-0   1-5%                      
SECTION 4: FIRST AID MEASURES                                           
Eye Contact: If battery is leaking and material contact the eye, flush  
thoroughly with copious amounts of running water for 30 minutes. Seek   
immediate medical attention.                                            
Skin Contact: If battery is leaking and material contacts the skin,     
remove any contaminated clothing and flush exposed skin with copious    
amounts of running water for at least 15 minutes. If irritation, injury 
or pain persists, seek medical attention.                               
Inhaled: If battery is leaking, contents may be irritating to           
respiratory passages. Move to fresh air. If irritation persists, seek   
medical attention.                                                      
Swallowed: If battery contents are swallowed, do not induce vomiting. If
the victim is alert, have them rinse their mouth and the surrounding    
skin with water for at least 15 minutes. Seek immediate medical         
Note: This MSDS does not include or address the small button cell       
batteries which can be ingested.                                        
SECTION 5: FIRE FIGHTING MEASURES                                       
Fire and Explosion Hazards: Batteries may burst and release hazardous   
decomposition products when exposed to a fire situation.                
Extinguishing Media: Use any extinguishing media that is appropriate for
the surrounding fire.                                                   
Special Fire Fighting Procedures: Firefighters should wear positive     
pressure self-contained breathing apparatus and full protective         
clothing. Fight fire from a distance or protected area. Cool fire       
exposed batteries to prevent rupture. Use caution when handling         
fire-exposed containers (containers may rocket or explode in heat of    
Hazardous Combustion Products: Thermal degradation may produce hazardous
fumes of zinc and manganese; hydrogen gas, caustic vapors of potassium  
hydroxide and other toxic by-products.                                  
SECTION 6: ACCIDENTAL RELEASE MEASURES                                  
Notify safety personnel of large spills. Caustic potassium hydroxide may
be released from leaking or ruptured batteries. Clean-up personnel      
should wear appropriate protective clothing to avoid eye and skin       
contact and inhalation of vapors or fumes. Increase ventilation.        
Carefully collect batteries and place in an appropriate container for   
SECTION 7: HANDLING AND STORAGE                                         
Avoid mechanical or electrical abuse. DO NOT short circuit or install   
incorrectly. Batteries may explode pyrolize or vent if disassembled,    
crushed, recharge or exposed to high temperatures. Install batteries in 
accordance with equipment instructions. Do not mix battery systems, such
as alkaline and zinc carbon, in the same equipment. Replace all         
batteries in equipment at the same time. Do not carry batteries loose in
a pocket or bag. Do not remove battery label.                           
Storage: Store batteries in a dry place at normal room temperature. Do  
not refrigerate-this will not make them last longer.                    
The following occupational exposure limits are provided for             
informational purposes. No exposure to the battery components should    
occur during normal consumer use.                                       
Chemical Name                     Exposure Limits                      
Manganese Dioxide                 5 mg/m3 Ceiling OSHA PEL             
                                  0.2 mg/m3 TWA ACGIH TLV              
Zinc                              None established for zinc metal      
Potassium Hydroxide               2 mg/m3 Ceiling ACGIH TLV            
Graphite (natural-non-fibrous)    15 mppcf TWA OSHA PEL                
                                  2 mg/m3 TWA (respirable dust) ACGH   
Graphite (synthetic non-fibrous)  5 mg/m3 TWA (respirable  dust) , 15  
                                  mg/m3 TWA (total dust) OSHA PEL      
                                  2 mg/m3 TWA (respirable dust) ACGIH  
Ventilation: No special ventilation is needed for normal use.           
Respiratory Protection: None required for normal use.                   
Skin Protection: None required for normal use. Use neoprene, rubber or  
latex gloves when handling leaking batteries.                           
Eye Protection: None required for normal use. Wear safety goggles when  
handling leaking batteries.                                             
SECTION 9: PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL PROPERTIES                             
Appearance and Odor: Cylindrical                                       
Specific Gravity: Not applicable  Boiling Point: Not Applicable        
Water Solubility: Insoluble       Melting Point: Not Applicable        
Vapor Pressure: Not Applicable    Flash Point: Not Applicable          
Vapor Density: Not Applicable     Autoigntion Point: Not Applicable    
SECTION 10: STABILITY AND                                              
Stability: This product is                                             
Incompatibility/Conditions to Avoid: contents are incompatible with     
strong oxidizing agents. Do not heat, crush, disassemble short circuit  
or recharge.                                                            
Hazardous Decomposition Products: Thermal decomposition may produce     
hazardous fumes of zinc and manganese; caustic vapors of potassium      
hydroxide and other toxic by-products.                                  
Hazardous Polymerization: Will not occur                                
SECTION 11: TOXICOLOGICAL INFORMATION                                   
Acute Toxicity Data:                                                    
Manganese Dioxide: LD50 oral rat>3478 mg/kg                             
Potassium Hydroxide: LD50 oral rat 273 mg/kg                            
Chronic Effects: The chemicals in this product are contained in a sealed
can and exposure does not occur during normal handling and use. No      
chronic effects would be expected from handling a leaking battery.      
Target Organs: Skin, eyes and respiratory system.                       
Carcinogenicity: None of the components of this product are listed as   
carcinogens by ACGIH, IARC, NTP or OSHA.                                
SECTION 12: ECOLOGICAL INFORMATION                                      
No ecotoxicity data is available. This product is not expected to       
present an environmental hazard.                                        
SECTION 13. DISPOSAL INOFORMATION                                       
Disposal should be in accordance with Federal, state/provincial and     
local regulations. Products covered by this MSDS, in their original     
form, when disposed as waste, are considered non hazardous waste        
according to Federal RCRA regulations (40 CFR 261).                     
Alkaline batteries can be safely disposed of with normal household      
waste. Due to concerns about mercury in the municipal solid waste       
stream, Duracell has voluntarily eliminated all of the added mercury    
from its alkaline batteries since 1993. Individual consumers may dispose
of spent (used) batteries with household trash. Duracell does not       
recommend that spent batteries be accumulated and disposed of in large  
quantities. Do not incinerate for disposal except for in a controlled   
Some communities offer recycling or collection of alkaline              
batteries-contact your local government for disposal practices in your  
SECTION 14: TRANSPORT INFORMATION                                       
Products covered by this MSDS, in their original form, are considered   
"dry cell" batteries and are not regulated as "DANGEROUS GOOD" for      
For finished packaged product transported by ground (US DOT):-not       
For finished packaged product transported by sea (IMDG)-not regulated   
For finished packaged product transported by air (IATA):-not regulated  
United States                                                           
OSHA STATUS: While the finished product(s) is considered an article and 
not covered by the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard, 29 CFR 1910.1200,
this MSDS contains valuable information critical to the safe handling   
and proper use of this product.                                         
EPA TSCA Status: All intentionally-added components of this product are 
listed on the US TSCA Inventory.                                        
SARA 313/302/304/311/312 chemicals: Manganese compounds 35-40%, Zinc    
California: this product has been evaluated and does not require warning
labeling under California Proposition 65.                               
State Right-to-Know and CERCLA:                                         
The following ingredients present in the finished product are listed on 
state right-to-know lists or state worker exposure lists                
Ingredient          CAS#          Level         CERCLA RQ     IL MA NJ PA RI   
Manganese Dioxide   1313-13-9     35-40%        None          Y  Y  N  Y  Y   
Zinc                7440-66-6     10-25%        1000 lb       Y  Y  Y  Y  N
Potassium Hydroxide 1310-58-3      5-10%        1000 lb       Y  Y  Y  Y  Y
Graphite            7782-42-5      1-5%         None          Y  Y  N  Y  Y
SECTION 16. OTHER INFORMATION                                           
P&G Hazard        Health: 0         Fire: 0           Reactivity: 0    
Data supplied is for use only in connection with occupational safety and
DISCLAIMER: this MSDS is intended to provide a brief summary of our     
knowledge and guidance regarding the use of this material. The          
information contained here has been compiled from sources considered by 
Procter & Gamble to be dependable and is accurate to the best of the    
Company's knowledge. It is not meant to be all-inclusive document on    
worldwide hazard communication regulations.                             
This information is offered in good faith. Each user of this material   
needs to evaluate the conditions of use and design the appropriate      
protective mechanisms to prevent employee exposures, property damage or 
release to the environment. Procter & Gamble assumed no responsibility  
for injury to the recipient or third persons or for any damage to any   
property resulting from misuse of the product.                          


The information contained in this was obtained from current and reliable sources, however, the data is provided without any warrenty, expressed or implied, regarding its correctness or accuracy. Since the conditions or handling, storage and disposal of this product are beyond the control of Imperial Supplies LLC, Imperial will not be responsible for loss, injury, or expense arising out of the products improper use. No warranty, expressed or inferred, regarding the product described in this '' shall be created or inferred by any statement in this ''. Various government agencies may have specific regulations regarding the transportation, handling, storage, use, or disposal of this product which may not be covered by this ''. The user is responsible for full compliance.